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Cabinets – FineWoodworking

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In reproducing furniture of the 17th and 18th C., I look forward to applying and experimenting with various traditional finishes – chemical & native plant dyes, linseed oil, shellac, milk paint, French polish, and beeswax. However, I’ve not done painted ornamentation as you would see in early blanket chests and some Hadley chests. For example, I ran across this chest built in 1695 in the Massachusetts-Connecticut Valley.

Hadley Chest from Massachusetts-Connecticut Valley, 1695

I decided to try this painted decoration on a new project, but not a “chest”. Rather I selected to reproduce a Low Cupboard from Tidewater VA, and then finish with the painted geometric shapes and stylish vines as shown on the above Hadley Chest. Here is the photo of the Tidewater VA Cupboard in the Colonial Williamsburg Collection.

Low Cupboard from Tidewater VA, 1680

I imported the above photo into SketchUp (as a Photo Match),  and began capturing the component shapes and sizes. (My last blog entry showed how I do this Photo Match capability in SketchUp). Here is a rough capture of main component parts as displayed over the photo.

SketchUp Photo Match over Photo of Low Cupboard

I continued working the details of the cupboard model in SketchUp as shown below.

Assembly View of SketchUp Model

This is a traditional post and panel construction as shown in this exploded view.

SketchUp Exploded View of Low Cupboard

After modeling the cupboard, I used SketchUp to capture the geometric ornamentation on the Chest and apply to the Cupboard. As shown below, I traced over the geometric shapes using the Line, Arc, and Circle Tools. Then using the Colors provided in the Materials Dialog, I selected a combination of colors. I show this operation in the video at the end of this article.

Tracing over the Geometric Shapes in SketchUp

I then copied and re-sized these colored geometric shapes, and applied them to the Cupboard Model, as shown below.

The Low Cupboard in SketchUp with Painted Ornamentation

I constructed the cupboard in Monterey Pine, and chemically dyed to darken. Then sealed with shellac.

Working the cupboard in the shop

In SketchUp, I created the full size templates of the various geometric shapes, as shown below. These templates were used to outline the shapes on the cupboard components with pencil. These are not stencils, rather cut-outs to enable a penciled shape on the cupboard.

Full size template cut-outs made from SketchUp. These are not stencils, rather I used these pierced templates to pencil the shapes on the posts, rails, drawer front, and door parts. Carving gouges and chisels were used to pierce the poster board backing.
Using the cut-out templates to mark shapes on the cupboard

I obtained matching colors in acrylic at the local paint store, and began testing on one of the cupboard doors. At first I tried using oil colors purchased at the art store (knowing that the original painting on the chest would have been oil based). However, I found it difficult to match colors, and the oils took forever to dry. I also bought a set of art store brushes that were needed for this type of decoration.

First application of acrylic paints

I haven’t finished but it is getting close. I used local Monterey Pine for the construction.

Status of construction in the shop



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